Sexual Dimorphism Exploration

You are interested in understanding whether sexual size dimorphism is a general pattern in birds.

Download and import a large publicly available dataset of bird size measures created by Lislevand et al. 2007.

Import the data into R. It is tab delimited so you’ll want to use sep = "\t" as an optional argument when calling read.csv(). The \t is how we indicate a tab character to R (and most other programming languages).

Using ggplot:

  1. Create a histogram of female masses (they are in the F_mass column). Change the x axis label to "Female Mass(g)".
  2. A few really large masses dominate the histogram so create a log10 scaled version. Change the x axis label to "Female Mass(g)" and the color of the bars to blue (using the fill = "blue" argument).
  3. Now let’s add the data for male birds as well. Create a single graph with histograms of both female and male body mass. Due to the way the data is structured you’ll need to add a 2nd geom_histogram() layer that specifies a new aesthetic. To make it possible to see both sets of bars you’ll need to make them transparent with the optional argument alpha = 0.3.
  4. These distributions seem about the same, but this is all birds together so it might be difficult to see any patterns. Use facet_wrap() to make one subplot for each family.
  5. Make the same graph as in the last task, but for wing size instead of mass. Do you notice anything strange? If so, you may have gotten caught by the use of non-standard null values. If you already noticed and fixed this, Nice Work! If not, you can use the optional na.strings = c(-999, -999.0) argument in read.csv() to tell R what value(s) indicated nulls in a dataset.
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